Knowing Yourself

● I don’t mind if people laugh when I speak English

● I study English outside class, on my own

● I like to get the general ideas when I read or listen to English

● When I make a mistake, I don’t get upset because I can learn from my mistakes
● I enjoying in groups

Your Learning Style: Slow or Fast?

● Read books, magazines, & newspapers in English
● Read textbooks, articles, & reports in English, in your academic field
● Write an essay or composition in  English
● Take multiple-choice tests in English
 ● Answer tests in English that ask for written sentences or paragraphs
 ● Answer a direct question to me from the teacher, in my English class
 ● Raise my hand when the teacher asks a question in English
 ● Volunteer to say something in class, when the teacher has not asked me
 ● Speak up in a small group in English, in class
 ● Answer a question in English from someone outside my classroom


Reflective Style vs. Impulsive Style

●  Advantages of RS

     More accurate speaking & reading

     Think carefully before acting

●  Disadvantages of RS

     Wait too long to speak

     Read more slowly

     Slower in timed tests

● Advantages of IS

     More willing to speak in class

     Faster reading

     Better in timed tests

● Disadvantages of IS

     Less accurate in speaking

     Less accurate in reading

     Act without thinking enough



 Left vs. Right Brain Processing

● Make decisions based on facts

● Like rules & exact information

● Like to solve a problem by 1st looking at all its parts

● Read slowly & try to carefully analyze what your are reading

● Like teachers to tell me exactly what to do

● Make decisions based on feelings

● Like general guidelines & uncertain info

● By looking at the whole problem

● Read fast & try to get the general meaning

● Like teachers to give me a lot of freedom to choose what I can do

Like mathematics & science

When I listen, I pay attention to people’s exact words

Like multiple-choice tests

LEFT: Zoom lens, rules & definitions, logical, systematic, planned, language, math, details

● Like literature & art

● When I listen, I pay attention to the overall message

● Like open-ended essay tests

● RIGHT: Wide-angle lens, general guidelines, intuitive, flexible, spontaneous, music, art, general ideas


● High self-motivation vs. Low self-motivation

● High self-motivations from others vs. Low motivations from others

● Motivation type: integrative, instrumental


Affective Factors

● Developing Self-Confidence

● Lowering Anxiety

● Promoting High Self-Esteem

● Interest Is the Key to Last Your Learning


 Learning to Take Risks

● Setting your own goals

● Knowing your own learning style

● Figuring out your strategies

● Building your self-confidence

● Lower your anxiety

● Looking for opportunities to use Eng

● Be willing to make mistakes

● Make your mistakes work for you


 Improving Your Language Learning IQ

● Get ample comprehensible input

● Get multiple access to a variety of input

● Find some learning partners

● Find your mentor

● Looking for the fun of learning Eng

● One successful experience will lead you to another one

● Get to know about English native speakers

● Get to know more about English-related cultures


Using Learning Strategies

● Useful individual strategies: Building effective learning conditions,

● Group strategies.

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